Mirror, mirror, on the wall,
which face of Mount Rainier
is the most fabulous of all?
If you really want to know the answer to this question, of course, you’ll have to discover it for yourself. And there’s no better way to do that than by backpacking Washington’s iconic Wonderland Trail. This 93-mile loop circumnavigates the entire mountain, giving you a non-stop parade of jaw-dropping alpine scenery, all with the mighty 14,410 foot glaciated peak of Mount Rainier as the backdrop. What more could you ask for?
As avid travelers, people often ask us what our favorite destination is. Every trip we take is dear to us, and, while we usually say that it is too hard to choose, there are some places that hold a special place in our hearts. The Wonderland Trail is definitely one of them.
Wonder why? Take a look at this cool video, and we think you’ll understand.
OK, backpacking 93 miles while gaining and losing 25,000+ feet of elevation might seem a bit overwhelming, but the Wonderland Trail is surprisingly doable. This fun, physical challenge has it all: striking scenery, gargantuan glaciers, rollicking river crossings, thrilling wildlife encounters, spine-tingling suspension bridges, stunning waterfalls, slippery snowfields, serene campsites and wildflowers galore. Complete the entire journey, and doubtless you will be overwhelmed by everything you have seen.
Click to enlarge photographs and view as a slideshow.
Best of all, the Wonderland Trail is perfectly designed for you to experience and enjoy it all. Here is a quick guide for how you, too, can hike the Wonderland Trail.
Decide Where You Want to Start
The Wonderland Trail has several access points where you can get on and off the trail. Because it is a loop, this makes the logistics of doing the trail a lot easier. Simply park your car at a trailhead and hike back to it 93 miles later. Piece of cake!
We chose to start at the White River Campground on Rainier’s northeast side primarily because it provided us a convenient place to sleep the night before starting the trek and offered us a relatively safe place to leave our rental car while we were on the trail. Additionally, it was equidistant from both the Longmire and Mowich Lake food caches (more on that later), making the logistics of packing food and fuel easier. As an added bonus, starting at White River allowed us to both begin and end the experience with gorgeous sections of trail.
Pick a Direction to Hike
They say that hiking the Wonderland Trail is like walking on the edge of a giant pie crust. You are constantly going up and down over the ridges of the heavily-glaciated mountain, gaining and losing over 25,000 feet in the process. You need to decide which direction you want to do that in. Generally speaking, if you prefer downhills, you should hike clockwise; if uphills are more your style, go counter-clockwise.
Have no fear. You will encounter plenty of both no matter which direction you choose. Check out the trail profile below, and you’ll see what we mean.
We decided to hike the trail in a counter-clockwise direction. As 40+ year old hikers (sigh…), we generally find it kinder to our knees to tackle long uphills rather than steep downhills, especially when carrying full backpacks.
With White River as our starting point, traveling counter-clockwise also gave us a few easier days at the beginning of the trek to get our backpacking legs beneath us. It also saved the difficult trip over snow-covered Panhandle Gap until the very end of our journey when we were in our best backpacking shape and most confident.
The majority of people hike clockwise, so doing the opposite had some additional benefits. For the most part, it felt like we had the park to ourselves. Most of the people we encountered on the trail were going in the other direction, so encounters were pleasant and brief but often included valuable exchanges of information. As first-timers on the trail, we enjoyed the news we heard on the “trail telegraph” about what we would be encountering in the miles ahead. On a couple of occasions we crossed paths with people we had met days earlier on the trail. It was fun to reconnect and share experiences with these hiking acquaintances.
Take Your Time and Do it Slowly
As mentioned before, the Wonderland Trail is a serious undertaking, so know your physical abilities when deciding how much mileage you can reasonably cover backpacking each day. The Park Service recommends allowing 10-14 days to complete the entire trail, and there are backcountry camps scattered along the trail allowing for a variety of mileage options.
We hiked the trail in 12 days, averaging 8 miles/day, but most people we met were circuiting in far fewer. The most typical length was 8 days, but we met a couple completing the hike in 5 and two ultra-marathoners who ran it in 3 days! We can’t imagine what these speed demons remember seeing along the way. The couple circuiting in 5 days told us that they were so exhausted each day that everything was more or less a blur. Seriously, what’s the point?
Take as much time as possible to fully appreciate this amazing experience. The WT is incredibly beautiful, and you are out there to enjoy not just the achievement, but the journey. Take a look at the pictures below. Hiking any faster for us would have meant sacrificing all of these relaxing and memorable moments.
Whatever it is you think you’ll be missing back home will be waiting there for you when you get back. And, as soon as you are finished, you’ll wish you could do it all over again. So why rush it?
***UPDATED PERMIT INFORMATION FOR 2017***
Apply for a Permit between March 15 and March 31
Okay, we apologize that we aren’t giving you a lot of warning here, but you’ve got to get on this right away. A backcountry permit is necessary to stay in the camps along the Wonderland Trail. Download a copy of the park’s Wilderness Trip Planner to help plan your route. Then simply fill out the online Permit Reservation Request and indicate which camps you want to stay at each night along the trail. Submit your application to the Park Service any time between March 15-31 to participate in the advance online permit lottery.
NB: This is now the only way that you can apply for an advance permit to do the Wonderland Trail. The park no longer accepts reservation requests by mail, fax, phone or any other wacky method you may come up with to draw attention to your request. This is a brand new system for the park after a massive power outage shut down their old fax system in 2016. This led to a lot of chaos last summer with no advance permits being given out and a massive numbers of hikers (including us!) showing up at the park’s doorstep hoping to get their hands on a walk-up permit.
It wasn’t all bad, though. The snafu encouraged the park service to develop a better system for handling the large volume of permit requests that they receive every year, and 2017 will be the first year to try out the new system. Only one application is allowed per Wonderland hiking party, so be sure to play fair or your application could be thrown out completely.
If you miss the March 31 deadline, you can still apply for a permit online. Any requests received starting April 1 are processed in the order received. You can also make a request in person once the Longmire Wilderness Information Center opens in late May, but most camps will likely already be reserved by then. The advance permit lottery is definitely the way to go. You’ve got the next two weeks to get your act together. Do it!
Starting April 1, park staff begin pulling reservation requests in a lottery process and try to issue as many permits as possible. If you are lucky, you will get an email within a few weeks stating that your permit request has been filled and that you can pick it up in the park at a Wilderness Information Center before 10:00 am on the first day of your trip. We weren’t so lucky and got a denial letter instead.
Take Your Chances on a Walk-Up Permit If You Get Denied
Fortunately for procrastinators or unlucky people like us, the Park Service sets aside 30% of the backcountry sites for first-come, first-served permits. These become available one day prior to starting. Since most backcountry camps only have 3-8 campsites in total, this means that only 1 or 2 sites at each camp are held open for people applying in person.
That doesn’t seem like very good odds, but we are here to tell you that the walk-up process can work out. We had our hearts set on trekking the Wonderland Trail and ultimately didn’t care where we started or which direction we went as long as we could have a minimum of 10-11 days to complete it. We decided we would take our chances, fly to Washington state, be as flexible as possible and ultimately happy to spend two weeks hiking or backpacking elsewhere if we didn’t get the permit.
We visited the Wilderness Information Center (WIC) at Longmire on the park’s southwest side to apply for our permit in person. We timed our arrival for early morning and crossed our fingers as we walked in. We had our original permit applications with us and showed our ideal itinerary to the helpful ranger. Within a few minutes, Lana secured all but two of our requested camps. We were able to choose alternate camps for those locations, and the process was done. We couldn’t believe our good fortune!
We heard later on the trail that two factors greatly increased our chances that fateful day. The first was that we arrived on a Monday and technically started our Wonderland experience that day by staying overnight in the backcountry camp at White River Campground. (In reality, we just drove ourselves to the campground and spent the night there before hiking the next day.) Avoiding the weekend and starting on the slowest day of the week gave us a huge advantage.
Another factor that helped us was the length of our itinerary. We scored permits for many of the premier camps along the trail because nobody else had access to those walk-up permits 10 and 11 days from our starting date. This was an incredible advantage, especially given that we were hiking in late July and early August, the Wonderland Trail’s peak season.
Take Advantage of the Food and Fuel Caches
There are four cache stations along the trail, meaning that no matter how long you decide to hike you can get away with carrying only one-third of the food/fuel you will need at a time. On a 93-mile hike, this is an amazing convenience. During our twelve days, we never had to carry more than a 4-day supply of food at a time, saving us enormous amounts of weight and space in our packs and ultimately making it possible to hike the trail.
Cacheing is easy. You simply pack your food and whatever else you would like to cache (clean socks, wet wipes, etc.) into a hard-sided container (5-gallon Home Depot buckets work great) and label it clearly with your name, permit number, and the date you expect to pick it up. You can leave fuel to pick up, too.
It is possible to drive your food and fuel to each of the cache locations, but you will need to allow a full day to do this, as the roads are not direct and the distances between each location significant. You can also mail your food (but not fuel) ahead of time to the cache locations, and the rangers will put it out for you on the date you have designated.
We did a combination of both. Because Mowich Lake is the most difficult cache location to reach, we decided to mail one of our caches there. Hoping to start hiking at White River, we entered the park at the Nisqually Entrance in the southwest corner and headed right to Longmire, where we applied for our permit. Permit secured, we left another 4-day cache of food and fuel there and then drove to our starting point at White River with our first 4-day supply of food and an 8-day supply of fuel.
Take a Decent Camera and Lots of Storage and Batteries
The Wonderland Trail is seriously stunning. Take the best camera you have (or feel like you can carry for 93 miles) and be sure to use it. We’ll be the first to tell you that backpacking and photography aren’t the best of bedfellows. Trust us, when you are carrying everything on your back, the extra weight of a camera seems like an excessive burden. Dropping your pack to unearth it for a photograph is a monumental task.
But you’ll want those photos to prove to people back home why you did something so extraordinary. Was hauling a 40+ pound backpack for 93 miles around an entire mountain worth it? Is sleeping in a tent and not showering for 12 days your idea of fun? Did you really run into a mother bear and two cubs right outside of your campsite?
As the old saying goes, a picture is worth a thousand words, and we’ve also found that stopping to smell the bear grass (and photographing it while you’re at it) can be the perfect remedy to a long day on the trail.
We packed our DSLR and a small travel tripod for the money shots. Whenever we got to a fabulous destination, we dropped the packs and made sure to time our snack breaks and meals with these photo shoots. We also carried a small Lumix LX7 point-and-shoot for documenting moments and scenes while we were on the move and didn’t feel we could spare the time or energy needed to unpack the big camera.
We used 2 full batteries for our DSLR camera and all 4 batteries we were carrying for our Lumix point-and-shoot. Consider packing a battery charger in your cache at Longmire or Sunrise so you can recharge batteries from an electrical outlet while you are having a meal at the restaurants. Camps are mostly located in wooded areas making solar chargers a risky option.
So grab your camera, pack your backpack and lace up those boots. A world of wonders awaits you on the Wonderland Trail!
- Want more? Take a look at each segment of our trip in more detailed blog posts:
The Wonderland Diaries: Navigating the North Side
The Wonderland Diaries: The West Side Wander
The Wonderland Diaries: Exploring the Enchanting East Side
- Applying for a Permit: https://www.nps.gov/mora/planyourvisit/wilderness-permit.htm
- 2017 Online Wilderness Camping & Climbing Permit Reservation Request Form: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLScfffYo31-4xwf5wF1g0NaIrJK-j89aoh5DtoBvB6Z6FamSCA/viewform
- Caching Food and Fuel: http://www.nps.gov/mora/planyourvisit/caching-food-and-fuel.htm
- Interactive Wonderland Itinerary Planner: http://www.wonderlandtrailguide.com/wonderland-trail-itinerary-planning/
- Be sure to pick up a copy of our new book Plan & Go: Wonderland Trail to help plan your trip. It has has tons of incredibly useful information covering every aspect of organizing the trip, fantastic trail descriptions, and many itinerary options depending on how long you want to be out on the trail. We are confident it will be an invaluable resource to you for planning and being on the trail. It’s available on Amazon, too!
- A day-by-day version of our adventure on the Wonderland Trail appeared in the third issue of Sidewalk – a hiking and backpacking magazine. Check it out!